A/B test

Roland Krasser

2024-02-10

The explore package offers an easy way to do basic A/B testing.

Interactive A/B testing

For interactive A/B testing simply call abtest() without any parameters.

A/B testing with tidy data

If you want to A/B test your own data, pass them into the ´abtest()´ function.

In this example we are using synthetic data using one of the create_data_() functions of {explore}

library(dplyr)
library(explore)
data <- create_data_buy(obs = 1000)

Describe dataset

data %>% describe()
#> # A tibble: 13 × 8
#>    variable        type     na na_pct unique    min      mean    max
#>    <chr>           <chr> <int>  <dbl>  <int>  <dbl>     <dbl>  <dbl>
#>  1 period          int       0      0      1 202012 202012    202012
#>  2 buy             int       0      0      2      0      0.51      1
#>  3 age             int       0      0     66     17     52.3      88
#>  4 city_ind        int       0      0      2      0      0.5       1
#>  5 female_ind      int       0      0      2      0      0.5       1
#>  6 fixedvoice_ind  int       0      0      2      0      0.11      1
#>  7 fixeddata_ind   int       0      0      1      1      1         1
#>  8 fixedtv_ind     int       0      0      2      0      0.4       1
#>  9 mobilevoice_ind int       0      0      2      0      0.63      1
#> 10 mobiledata_prd  chr       0      0      3     NA     NA        NA
#> 11 bbi_speed_ind   int       0      0      2      0      0.61      1
#> 12 bbi_usg_gb      int       0      0     83      9    164.   100000
#> 13 hh_single       int       0      0      2      0      0.37      1

Each observation is a customer. The ´buy´ variable contains 0/1 values (1 = the customer did buy a product)

Hypothesis age > 50

We want to test the hypothesis, that customer with age > 50 have a different buying behavior.

data %>% explore(age, target = buy)

We see a clear pattern, that people who buy differ in age from people who don´t buy. But is this difference statistically significant?

data %>% abtest(age > 50, target = buy, sign_level = 0.05)

The A/B test shows a statistically significant difference!

Hypothesis Mobile Voice vs Broadband Usage

We would like to test the hypothesis, that customer with a mobile voice product (mobilevoice_ind == 1) have different bbi_usg_gb (broadband usage in GB)

data %>% explore(mobilevoice_ind, target = bbi_usg_gb)

The boxplot shows a small difference in Broadband Usage between customers with/without Mobile Voice product. But is this difference statistically significant?

data %>% abtest(mobilevoice_ind == 1, target = bbi_usg_gb, sign_level = 0.05)

The A/B test shows a NOT statistically significant difference! The p-value is 0.09, but should be max. 0.05 (as we defined sign_level = 0.05)

A/B testing with count data

In this example we are using the Titanic datasst. use_data_titanic() is a functions of {explore} that makes it easier to use popular example datasets.

library(dplyr)
library(explore)
data <- use_data_titanic(count = TRUE)

Describe dataset

data %>% describe()
#> # A tibble: 5 × 8
#>   variable type     na na_pct unique   min  mean   max
#>   <chr>    <chr> <int>  <dbl>  <int> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl>
#> 1 Class    chr       0      0      4    NA  NA      NA
#> 2 Sex      chr       0      0      2    NA  NA      NA
#> 3 Age      chr       0      0      2    NA  NA      NA
#> 4 Survived chr       0      0      2    NA  NA      NA
#> 5 n        dbl       0      0     22     0  68.8   670

Hypothesis Female

We want to test the hypothesis, that female passengers have a higher chance to survive.

data %>% explore(Sex, target = Survived, n = n)

We see a clear pattern, but is it difference statistically significant?

data %>% abtest(Sex == "Female", target = Survived, n = n, sign_level = 0.05)

The A/B test shows a statistically significant difference!