Cell type classification with SignacX: PBMCs from 10X Genomics

Mathew Chamberlain

2021-07-20

This vignette shows how to use Signac with Seurat. There are three parts: Seurat, Signac and then visualization. We use an example PBMCs scRNA-seq data set from 10X Genomics. First, we set up a folder for holding the Signac reference data:

Seurat

Start with the standard pre-processing steps for a Seurat object.

library(Seurat)

Download data from 10X Genomics.

dir.create("fls")
download.file("https://cf.10xgenomics.com/samples/cell-exp/3.0.0/pbmc_1k_v3/pbmc_1k_v3_filtered_feature_bc_matrix.h5", 
    destfile = "fls/pbmc_1k_v3_filtered_feature_bc_matrix.h5")

Create a Seurat object, and then perform SCTransform normalization. Note:

# load data
E = Read10X_h5(filename = "fls/pbmc_1k_v3_filtered_feature_bc_matrix.h5")
pbmc <- CreateSeuratObject(counts = E, project = "pbmc")

# run sctransform
pbmc <- SCTransform(pbmc, verbose = FALSE)

Perform dimensionality reduction by PCA and UMAP embedding. Note:

# These are now standard steps in the Seurat workflow for visualization and clustering
pbmc <- RunPCA(pbmc, verbose = FALSE)
pbmc <- RunUMAP(pbmc, dims = 1:30, verbose = FALSE)
pbmc <- FindNeighbors(pbmc, dims = 1:30, verbose = FALSE)

SignacX

First, make sure you have the Signac package installed.

install.packages("SignacX")

Load the library

# load library
library(SignacX)

Generate SignacX labels for the Seurat object. Note:

# Run Signac
labels <- Signac(pbmc, num.cores = 4)
celltypes = GenerateLabels(labels, E = pbmc)

Sometimes, training the neural networks takes a lot of time. To make Signac faster, we implemented SignacFast which uses an ensemble of pre-trained neural network models. Note:

# Run Signac
labels_fast <- SignacFast(pbmc)
celltypes_fast = GenerateLabels(labels_fast, E = pbmc)

SignacFast took only ~30 seconds. Relative to Signac, the main difference is that SignacFast tends to leave a few more cells “Unclassified.”

How does SignacFast compare to Signac?
B MPh TNK Unclassified
B 186 0 0 0
MPh 0 362 0 54
TNK 0 0 573 3
Unclassified 0 0 0 44

Visualizations

Now we can visualize the cell type classifications at many different levels: Immune and nonimmune

pbmc <- AddMetaData(pbmc, metadata = celltypes$Immune, col.name = "immmune")
pbmc <- SetIdent(pbmc, value = "immmune")
png(filename = "fls/plot1.png")
DimPlot(pbmc)
dev.off()

Immune, Nonimmune (if any) and unclassified cells

pbmc <- AddMetaData(pbmc, metadata = celltypes$L2, col.name = "L2")
pbmc <- SetIdent(pbmc, value = "L2")
png(filename = "fls/plot2.png")
DimPlot(pbmc)
dev.off()

Myeloid and lymphocytes

lbls = factor(celltypes$CellTypes)
levels(lbls) <- sort(unique(lbls))
pbmc <- AddMetaData(pbmc, metadata = lbls, col.name = "celltypes")
pbmc <- SetIdent(pbmc, value = "celltypes")
png(filename = "./fls/plot3.png")
DimPlot(pbmc)
dev.off()

Cell types

pbmc <- AddMetaData(pbmc, metadata = celltypes$CellTypes_novel, col.name = "celltypes_novel")
pbmc <- SetIdent(pbmc, value = "celltypes_novel")
png(filename = "./fls/plot4.png")
DimPlot(pbmc)
dev.off()

Cell types with novel populations

pbmc <- AddMetaData(pbmc, metadata = celltypes$CellStates, col.name = "cellstates")
pbmc <- SetIdent(pbmc, value = "cellstates")
png(filename = "./fls/plot5.png")
DimPlot(pbmc)
dev.off()

Cell states

Identify differentially expressed genes between cell types. Here, we see that Signac identified two novel cell populations that are positive for platelet and plasma cell markers, respectively.

pbmc <- SetIdent(pbmc, value = "celltypes_novel")

# Find protein markers for all clusters, and draw a heatmap
markers <- FindAllMarkers(pbmc, only.pos = TRUE, verbose = F, logfc.threshold = 1)
library(dplyr)
top5 <- markers %>% group_by(cluster) %>% top_n(n = 5, wt = avg_logFC)
png(filename = "./fls/plot6.png")
DoHeatmap(pbmc, features = unique(top5$gene), angle = 90)
dev.off()

Immune marker genes

Save results

saveRDS(pbmc, file = "fls/pbmcs_signac.rds")
saveRDS(celltypes, file = "fls/celltypes.rds")
saveRDS(celltypes_fast, file = "fls/celltypes_fast.rds")
Session Info
## R version 4.0.3 (2020-10-10)
## Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
## Running under: Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS
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## Matrix products: default
## BLAS:   /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/blas/libblas.so.3.7.1
## LAPACK: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/lapack/liblapack.so.3.7.1
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## [11] LC_MEASUREMENT=en_US.UTF-8 LC_IDENTIFICATION=C       
## 
## attached base packages:
## [1] stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  methods   base     
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## loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
##  [1] compiler_4.0.3    magrittr_2.0.1    formatR_1.7       htmltools_0.5.1.1
##  [5] tools_4.0.3       yaml_2.2.1        stringi_1.5.3     rmarkdown_2.6    
##  [9] highr_0.8         knitr_1.30        stringr_1.4.0     digest_0.6.27    
## [13] xfun_0.20         rlang_0.4.10      evaluate_0.14